The European system to the crediting, transfer and accumulation of study services (ECTS)
- It was Established in 1989
- It is Used in 30 countries and in more than 1000 higher educational institutions
- It Makes the teaching programs easier to read and compare.
- credited for both transfer and non-transfer students.
- ECTS makes teaching and learning more transparent and facilitates the recognition of studies (formal, non-formal and informal). The system is used across Europe for credit transfer (student mobility) and credit accumulation (learning paths towards a degree). It also informs curriculum design and quality assurance.
Institutions which apply ECTS publish their course catalogues on the web, including detailed descriptions of study programs, units of learning, university regulations and student services. Course descriptions contain learning outcomes (what students are expected to know, understand and be able to do) and workload (the time students typically need to achieve the learning outcomes), expressed in terms of credits. In most cases, student workload ranges from 1,500 to 1,800 hours for an academic year, and one credit corresponds to 25-30 hours of work
What is a "system Credit"?
A system Credit is used for the systematical recording of a teaching Program, when it that individual component Credits assigns. The determination of Credits can support in the university systems on different parameters, for example onto the job task of the studying ones, the learning-results and the lessons.
A credit system is a systematic way of describing an educational programme by attaching credits to its components. The definition of credits in higher education systems may be based on different parameters, such as student workload, learning outcomes and contact hours.
European system of accumulation and transfer of credits:
- Accumulation within the educational institution.
- transfer among the educational institutions.
- ECTS helps students move between countries, within a country, city, region, or among different types of educational institutions.
Equivalent hours for ECTS accreditation points:
- Every 60 credit points for the work of a full-time student during one academic year is equal to 1500 - 1800 hours of learning in Europe.
- One accreditation point of ECTS = 25 - 30 working hours.
- The volume of work consists of all planned educational activities such as attending lectures, seminars, private and independent study, preparation of projects and examinations.
In the credit points system, the student's time is calculated as follows:
- One lecture hour (L) = 1.5 credits.
- One hour of exercise (E) = 1 credit point
- One share of a practical training hour (P) seminar (S) = 2 credit points.